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Tai Chi References

Tai Chi References

Bill Gallagher PT, CMT, CYT

he health benefits of tai chi. This gentle form of exercise can prevent or ease many ills of aging and could be the perfect activity for the rest of your life.

[No authors listed] Harv Womens Health Watch. 2009 May;16(9):2-4. No abstract available.

The effectiveness of Tai Chi for chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Hall A, Maher C, Latimer J, Ferreira M. Arthritis Rheum. 2009 Jun 15;61(6):717-24. Review.

A randomized controlled trial of tai chi for long-term low back pain (TAI CHI): study rationale, design, and methods. Hall AM, Maher CG, Latimer J, Ferreira ML, Lam P. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2009 May 28;10:55.

Tai chi exercise for patients with cardiovascular conditions and risk factors: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. Yeh GY, Wang C, Wayne PM, Phillips R. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev. 2009 May-Jun;29(3):152-60. Review.

Health-related quality of life in frail institutionalized elderly: effects of a cognition-action intervention and Tai Chi. Deschamps A, Onifade C, Decamps A, Bourdel-Marchasson I. J Aging Phys Act. 2009 Apr;17(2):236-48.

Alternative mind-body therapies used by adults with medical conditions. Bertisch SM, Wee CC, Phillips RS, McCarthy EP. J Psychosom Res. 2009 Jun;66(6):511-9. Epub 2009 Mar 3.

Tai chi and meditation: A conceptual (re)synthesis? Posadzki P, Jacques S. J Holist Nurs. 2009 Jun;27(2):103-14. Review. PMID: 19443697 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Meditative movement as a category of exercise: implications for research. Larkey L, Jahnke R, Etnier J, Gonzalez J. J Phys Act Health. 2009 Mar;6(2):230-8.

Is Tai Chi Chuan effective in improving lower limb response time to prevent backward falls in the elderly? Wong AM, Pei YC, Lan C, Huang SC, Lin YC, Chou SW. Age (Dordr). 2009 Jun;31(2):163-70. Epub 2009 May 5. PMID: 19415525 [PubMed - in process]

Tai Chi Qigong for the quality of life of patients with knee osteoarthritis: a pilot, randomized, waiting list controlled trial. Lee HJ, Park HJ, Chae Y, Kim SY, Kim SN, Kim ST, Kim JH, Yin CS, Lee H. Clin Rehabil. 2009 Jun;23(6):504-11. Epub 2009 Apr 23. Long term Tai Chi exercise reduced DNA damage and increased lymphocyte apoptosis and proliferation in older adults. Goon JA, Noor Aini AH, Musalmah M, Yasmin Anum MY, Wan Ngah WZ. Med J Malaysia. 2008 Oct;63(4):319-24.

Perceptions and attitudes of rehabilitation medicine physicians on complementary and alternative medicine in Australia. Mak JC, Mak LY, Shen Q, Faux S. Intern Med J. 2009 Mar;39(3):164-9.

Interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community. Gillespie LD, Robertson MC, Gillespie WJ, Lamb SE, Gates S, Cumming RG, Rowe BH. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Apr 15;(2):CD007146. Review. PMID: 19370674 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

WITHDRAWN: Interventions for preventing falls in elderly people. Gillespie LD, Gillespie WJ, Robertson MC, Lamb SE, Cumming RG, Rowe BH. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Apr 15;(2):CD000340. Review. PMID: 19370556 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

The role of physical activity in the prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women-An update. Schmitt NM, Schmitt J, Dören M. Maturitas. 2009 May 20;63(1):34-8. Epub 2009 Apr 7. Review.

Speed effect of selected Tai Chi Chuan movement on leg muscle activity in young and old practitioners. Wu G, Ren X. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2009 Jun;24(5):415-21. Epub 2009 Apr 7.

Changes in muscle strength, endurance, and reaction of the lower extremities with Tai Chi intervention. Li JX, Xu DQ, Hong Y. J Biomech. 2009 May 29;42(8):967-71. Epub 2009 Apr 7. PMID: 19356761 [PubMed - in process]

Quality of Reporting of Randomized Clinical Trials in Tai Chi Interventions--A Systematic Review. Li JY, Zhang YF, Smith GS, Xue CJ, Luo YN, Chen WH, Skinner CJ, Finkelstein J. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2009 Apr 7. [Epub ahead of print] Free article at journal site

The effect of tai chi on knee osteoarthritis pain in cognitively impaired elders: pilot study. Tsai PF, Beck C, Chang JY, Hagen J, Kuo YF, Roberson PK, Rosengren K, Beuscher L, Doan CL, Anand KJ. Geriatr Nurs. 2009 Mar-Apr;30(2):132-9. Epub 2008 Dec 2.

Physical activity programs for chronic arthritis. Callahan LF. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2009 Mar;21(2):177-82. Review.

Tai Chi and health-related quality of life in nursing home residents. Lee LY, Lee DT, Woo J. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2009 Mar;41(1):35-43.

Prayer and Spiritual Practices for Health Reasons among American Adults: The Role of Race and Ethnicity. Gillum F, Griffith DM. J Relig Health. 2009 Mar 31. [Epub ahead of print]

Health-related quality of life and alternative forms of exercise in Parkinson disease. Hackney ME, Earhart GM. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2009 Mar 28. [Epub ahead of print]

Can Tai chi enhance cognitive vitality? A preliminary study of cognitive executive control in older adults after A Tai chi intervention. Matthews MM, Williams HG. J S C Med Assoc. 2008 Dec;104(8):255-7.

[Effects of Tai Chi exercise on cardiovascular risk factors and quality of life in post-menopausal women] Song R, Ahn S, So HY, Park IS, Kim HL, Joo KO, Kim JS. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2009 Feb;39(1):136-44. Korean. Effects of Tai Chi intervention on dual-task ability in older adults: a pilot study. Hall CD, Miszko T, Wolf SL. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2009 Mar;90(3):525-9.

Exercise intervention in brain injury: a pilot randomized study of Tai Chi Qigong. Blake H, Batson M. Clin Rehabil. 2009 Jul;23(7):589-98. Epub 2009 Feb 23.

Delaying mobility disability in people with Parkinson disease using a sensorimotor agility exercise program. King LA, Horak FB. Phys Ther. 2009 Apr;89(4):384-93. Epub 2009 Feb 19. Review. PMID: 19228832 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Effect of Tai Chi exercise on DNA damage, antioxidant enzymes, and oxidative stress in middle-age adults. Goon JA, Aini AH, Musalmah M, Anum MY, Nazaimoon WM, Ngah WZ. J Phys Act Health. 2009 Jan;6(1):43-54.

A review of clinical trials of tai chi and qigong in older adults. Rogers CE, Larkey LK, Keller C. West J Nurs Res. 2009 Mar;31(2):245-79. Review. Short-form Tai Chi improves standing balance of people with chronic stroke. Au-Yeung SS, Hui-Chan CW, Tang JC. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2009 Jun;23(5):515-22. Epub 2009 Jan 7.

Pilot study of a 10-week multidisciplinary Tai Chi intervention in sedentary obese women. Dechamps A, Gatta B, Bourdel-Marchasson I, Tabarin A, Roger P. Clin J Sport Med. 2009 Jan;19(1):49-53.

Developing a positive emotion-motivated Tai Chi (PEM-TC) exercise program for older adults with dementia. Yao L, Giordani B, Alexander NB. Res Theory Nurs Pract. 2008;22(4):241-55.

Cycling and Tai Chi Chuan exercises exert greater immunomodulatory effect on surface antigen expression of human hepatitis B virus. Chen YY, Chiang J, Chen YJ, Chen KT, Yang RS, Lin JG. Chin Med J (Engl). 2008 Nov 5;121(21):2172-9. Free article at journal site

Comparison of the kinetic characteristics of standing and sitting Tai Chi forms. Leung ES, Tsang WW. Disabil Rehabil. 2008;30(25):1891-900.

Lack of effect of Tai Chi Chuan in preventing falls in elderly people living at home: a randomized clinical trial. Logghe IH, Zeeuwe PE, Verhagen AP, Wijnen-Sponselee RM, Willemsen SP, Bierma-Zeinstra SM, van Rossum E, Faber MJ, Koes BW. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009 Jan;57(1):70-5. Epub 2008 Nov 14.

Changes of aerobic capacity, fat ratio and flexibility in older TCC practitioners: a five-year follow-up. Lan C, Chen SY, Lai JS. Am J Chin Med. 2008;36(6):1041-50.

Practicing tai chi may help seniors get a better night's sleep. [No authors listed] Mayo Clin Womens Healthsource. 2009 Jan;13(1):3. No abstract available.

Is tai chi beneficial for improving aerobic capacity? A systematic review. Lee MS, Lee EN, Ernst E. Br J Sports Med. 2009 Aug;43(8):569-73. Epub 2008 Nov 19.

Improving glycaemic and BP control in type 2 diabetes. The effectiveness of tai chi. Lam P, Dennis SM, Diamond TH, Zwar N. Aust Fam Physician. 2008 Oct;37(10):884-7.

Tai chi for disease activity and flexibility in patients with ankylosing spondylitis--a controlled clinical trial. Lee EN, Kim YH, Chung WT, Lee MS. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2008 Dec;5(4):457-62. Epub 2007 Jul 13. Free article in PMC | at journal site A preliminary study of the effects of Tai Chi and Qigong medical exercise on indicators of metabolic syndrome, glycaemic control, health related quality of life, and psychological health in adults with elevated blood glucose. Liu X, Miller YD, Burton NW, Brown WJ. Br J Sports Med. 2008 Oct 16. [Epub ahead of print]

The benefits of tai chi. Rabinowitz M. Am J Public Health. 2008 Dec;98(12):2118; autor reply 2118-9. Epub 2008 Oct 15. No abstract available.

Effects of 5-Form, Yang Style Tai Chi on older females who have or are at risk for developing osteoporosis. Murphy L, Singh BB. Physiother Theory Pract. 2008 Sep-Oct;24(5):311-20.

Menopause, the metabolic syndrome, and mind-body therapies. Innes KE, Selfe TK, Taylor AG. Menopause. 2008 Sep-Oct;15(5):1005-13. Review. PMID: 18779682 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

[Effects of Tai Chi exercise program on physical fitness, fall related perception and health status in institutionalized elders] Liu M, So H. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi. 2008 Aug;38(4):620-8. Korean.

The functional effects of physical exercise training in frail older people : a systematic review. Chin A Paw MJ, van Uffelen JG, Riphagen I, van Mechelen W. Sports Med. 2008;38(9):781-93. Review.

[Mobility and balance] Schmitt K, Kressig RW. Ther Umsch. 2008 Aug;65(8):421-6. Review. German.

Tai Chi for treating knee osteoarthritis: designing a long-term follow up randomized controlled trial. Wang C, Schmid CH, Hibberd PL, Kalish R, Roubenoff R, Rones R, Okparavero A, McAlindon T. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2008 Jul 29;9:108. Free article in PMC | at journal site

Improving sleep quality in older adults with moderate sleep complaints: A randomized controlled trial of Tai Chi Chih. Irwin MR, Olmstead R, Motivala SJ. Sleep. 2008 Jul 1;31(7):1001-8. Free article in PMC

Physical activity programs for persons with dementia. Forbes D, Forbes S, Morgan DG, Markle-Reid M, Wood J, Culum I. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Jul 16;(3):CD006489. Review. Preface. The first collection of scientific studies on Tai Chi Chuan. Hong Y. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:VIII-X. No abstract available. PMID: 18634188 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Commentary on the Cochrane review of Tai Chi for rheumatoid arthritis. Yeh GY. Explore (NY). 2008 Jul-Aug;4(4):275-7. No abstract available. Tai Chi: moving for better balance -- development of a community-based falls prevention program. Li F, Harmer P, Mack KA, Sleet D, Fisher KJ, Kohn MA, Millet LM, Xu J, Yang T, Sutton B, Tompkins Y. J Phys Act Health. 2008 May;5(3):445-55.

CDC's research portfolio in older adult fall prevention: a review of progress, 1985-2005, and future research directions. Sleet DA, Moffett DB, Stevens J. J Safety Res. 2008;39(3):259-67. Epub 2008 Jun 6.

Mind-body interventions: applications in neurology. Wahbeh H, Elsas SM, Oken BS. Neurology. 2008 Jun 10;70(24):2321-8. Effects of 16-week Tai Chi intervention on postural stability and proprioception of knee and ankle in older people. Li JX, Xu DQ, Hong Y. Age Ageing. 2008 Sep;37(5):575-8. Epub 2008 Jun 9. No abstract available. A randomized clinical trial of alternative stress management interventions in persons with HIV infection. McCain NL, Gray DP, Elswick RK, Robins JW, Tuck I, Walter JM, Rausch SM, Ketchum JM. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2008 Jun;76(3):431-41. Tactile acuity in experienced Tai Chi practitioners: evidence for use dependent plasticity as an effect of sensory-attentional training. Kerr CE, Shaw JR, Wasserman RH, Chen VW, Kanojia A, Bayer T, Kelley JM. Exp Brain Res. 2008 Jun;188(2):317-22. Epub 2008 May 30. Translation of an effective tai chi intervention into a community-based falls-prevention program. Li F, Harmer P, Glasgow R, Mack KA, Sleet D, Fisher KJ, Kohn MA, Millet LM, Mead J, Xu J, Lin ML, Yang T, Sutton B, Tompkins Y. Am J Public Health. 2008 Jul;98(7):1195-8. Epub 2008 May 29.

Bayesian data analysis: estimating the efficacy of T'ai Chi as a case study. Carpenter J, Gajewski B, Teel C, Aaronson LS. Nurs Res. 2008 May-Jun;57(3):214-9.

Hydrotherapy and Tai Chi each provide clinical improvements for older people with osteoarthritis. Mackintosh S. Aust J Physiother. 2008;54(2):143. No abstract available.

Effects of Tai Chi exercise on patients with type 2 diabetes. Wang JH. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:230-8.

Tai Chi improves pain and functional status in adults with rheumatoid arthritis: results of a pilot single-blinded randomized controlled trial. Wang C. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:218-29. Tai Chi Chuan for breast cancer survivors. Mustian KM, Palesh OG, Flecksteiner SA. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:209-17. Tai Chi training for patients with coronary heart disease. Lan C, Chen SY, Wong MK, Lai JS. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:182-94. Review. Tai Chi Chuan in the management of Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. Klein PJ. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:173-81. Teaching Tai Chi with mindfulness-based stress reduction to middle school children in the inner city: a review of the literature and approaches. Wall RB. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:166-72. Review. Tai Chi exercise and the improvement of health and well-being in older adults. Yau MK. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:155-65. Effect of Tai Chi on depressive symptoms amongst Chinese older patients with major depression: the role of social support. Cho KL. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:146-54. Tai Chi exercise and the improvement of mental and physical health among college students. Wang Y. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:135-45. Tai Chi and falls prevention in older people. Harmer PA, Li F. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:124-34. Review. Tai Chi and balance control. Wong AM, Lan C. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:115-23. Review. Sensorimotor control of balance: a Tai Chi solution for balance disorders in older subjects. Tsang WW, Hui-Chan CW. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:104-14. Neural mechanisms underlying balance control in Tai Chi. Gatts S. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:87-103. Tai Chi exercise and proprioception behavior in old people. Li JX, Xu DQ, Hong Y. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:77-86. Tai Chi exercise in improving cardiorespiratory capacity. Thornton EW. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:54-63. Review. The effectiveness of Tai Chi exercise in improving aerobic capacity: an updated meta-analysis. Taylor-Piliae RE. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:40-53. Muscle action pattern and knee extensor strength of older Tai Chi exercisers. Wu G. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:30-9. Tai Chi exercise and muscle strength and endurance in older people. Xu DQ, Hong Y, Li JX. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:20-9. The exercise intensity of Tai Chi Chuan. Lan C, Chen SY, Lai JS. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:12-9. Review. Temporal characteristics of foot movement in Tai Chi exercise. Hong Y, Mao de W, Li JX. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:1-11. [Alternative and complementary therapies in fibromyalgia syndrome] Langhorst J, Häuser W, Irnich D, Speeck N, Felde E, Winkelmann A, Lucius H, Michalsen A, Musial F. Schmerz. 2008 Jun;22(3):324-33. German. Effects of Tai Chi on gait kinematics, physical function, and pain in elderly with knee osteoarthritis--a pilot study. Shen CL, James CR, Chyu MC, Bixby WR, Brismée JM, Zumwalt MA, Poklikuha G. Am J Chin Med. 2008;36(2):219-32. Use of complementary and alternative therapies by overweight and obese adults. Bertisch SM, Wee CC, McCarthy EP. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008 Jul;16(7):1610-5. Epub 2008 May 1. Menopause, the metabolic syndrome, and mind-body therapies. Innes KE, Selfe TK, Taylor AG. Menopause. 2008 Apr 17. [Epub ahead of print] A systematic review of the effectiveness of Tai Chi on fall reduction among the elderly. Low S, Ang LW, Goh KS, Chew SK. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2009 May-Jun;48(3):325-31. Epub 2008 Apr 16. Review. The effect of tai chi exercise on blood pressure: a systematic review. Yeh GY, Wang C, Wayne PM, Phillips RS. Prev Cardiol. 2008 Spring;11(2):82-9. Review. Regular Tai Chi Chuan exercise improves T cell helper function of type 2 DM patients with an increase in T-bet transcription factor and IL-12 production. Yeh SH, Chuang H, Lin LW, Hsiao CY, Wang PW, Liu RT, Yang KD. Br J Sports Med. 2008 Apr 2. [Epub ahead of print] A preliminary study of the effects of Tai Chi and Qigong medical exercise on indicators of metabolic syndrome and glycaemic control in adults with elevated blood glucose. Xin L, Miller YD, Burton NW, Brown WJ. Br J Sports Med. 2008 Apr 2. [Epub ahead of print] Reduced falls in the elderly: tai chi or placebo or Hawthorne effect? Katz AR. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Apr;56(4):776-7; author reply 777. No abstract available. Tai Chi improves balance and mobility in people with Parkinson disease. Hackney ME, Earhart GM. Gait Posture. 2008 Oct;28(3):456-60. Epub 2008 Apr 18. A 16-week tai chi programme prevented falls in healthy older adults. Straus S. Evid Based Med. 2008 Apr;13(2):54. No abstract available. Effectiveness of tai chi for Parkinson's disease: a critical review. Lee MS, Lam P, Ernst E. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2008 Dec;14(8):589-94. Epub 2008 Apr 18. Review. A 16-week tai chi programme prevented falls in healthy older adults. Mariano C. Evid Based Nurs. 2008 Apr;11(2):60. No abstract available. Self-management strategies to reduce pain and improve function among older adults in community settings: a review of the evidence. Reid MC, Papaleontiou M, Ong A, Breckman R, Wethington E, Pillemer K. Pain Med. 2008 May-Jun;9(4):409-24. Epub 2008 Mar 11. Review. Joint kinetics during Tai Chi gait and normal walking gait in young and elderly Tai Chi Chuan practitioners. Wu G, Millon D. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2008 Jul;23(6):787-95. Epub 2008 Mar 14. Tai Chi Chuan training improves the pulmonary function of asthmatic children. Chang YF, Yang YH, Chen CC, Chiang BL. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2008 Feb;41(1):88-95. [Effects of Tai Chi exercise in elderly with knee osteoarthritis] Lee HY, Lee KJ. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi. 2008 Feb;38(1):11-8. Korean. The effects of fall prevention trials on depressive symptoms and fear of falling among the aged: a systematic review. Sjösten N, Vaapio S, Kivelä SL. Aging Ment Health. 2008 Jan;12(1):30-46. Review. Eye-hand coordination of elderly people who practice Tai Chi Chuan. Pei YC, Chou SW, Lin PS, Lin YC, Hsu TH, Wong AM. J Formos Med Assoc. 2008 Feb;107(2):103-10. Free article at journal site Age-related differences in Tai Chi gait kinematics and leg muscle electromyography: a pilot study. Wu G. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2008 Feb;89(2):351-7.

Benefits of Tai Chi in palliative care for advanced cancer patients. Hui ES, Cheng JO, Cheng HK. Palliat Med. 2008 Jan;22(1):93-4. No abstract available.

Tai chi for Type 2 diabetes: a systematic review. Lee MS, Pittler MH, Kim MS, Ernst E. Diabet Med. 2008 Feb;25(2):240-1. Epub 2080 Nov 21. Review. No abstract available.

Tai Chi Chuan exercises in enhancing bone mineral density in active seniors. Lui PP, Qin L, Chan KM. Clin Sports Med. 2008 Jan;27(1):75-86, viii. Review.

Emerging therapies to treat frailty syndrome in the elderly. Cherniack EP, Florez HJ, Troen BR. Altern Med Rev. 2007 Sep;12(3):246-58.

[Strength training and tai-chi to prevent accidental falls] [No authors listed] MMW Fortschr Med. 2007 Nov 8;149(45):14, 16. German. No abstract available.

Health benefits of Tai Chi for older patients with type 2 diabetes: the "Move It For Diabetes study"--a randomized controlled trial. Tsang T, Orr R, Lam P, Comino EJ, Singh MF. Clin Interv Aging. 2007;2(3):429-39.

Complementary and alternative medicine for sleep disturbances in older adults. Gooneratne NS. Clin Geriatr Med. 2008 Feb;24(1):121-38, viii. Review.

An evaluation of the effects of Tai Chi Chuan and Chi Kung training in patients with symptomatic heart failure: a randomised controlled pilot study. Barrow DE, Bedford A, Ives G, O'Toole L, Channer KS. Postgrad Med J. 2007 Nov;83(985):717-21. Functional fitness gain varies in older adults depending on exercise mode. Takeshima N, Rogers NL, Rogers ME, Islam MM, Koizumi D, Lee S. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007 Nov;39(11):2036-43. Mind/body techniques for physiological and psychological stress reduction: stress management via Tai Chi training - a pilot study. Esch T, Duckstein J, Welke J, Braun V. Med Sci Monit. 2007 Nov;13(11):CR488-497. Effects of Tai Chi on glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity in older adults with type 2 diabetes: a randomised double-blind sham-exercise-controlled trial. Tsang T, Orr R, Lam P, Comino E, Singh MF. Age Ageing. 2008 Jan;37(1):64-71. Epub 2007 Oct 25. The effectiveness of Tai Chi, yoga, meditation, and Reiki healing sessions in promoting health and enhancing problem solving abilities of registered nurses. Raingruber B, Robinson C. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2007 Oct;28(10):1141-55. Tai chi for osteoporosis: a systematic review. Lee MS, Pittler MH, Shin BC, Ernst E. Osteoporos Int. 2008 Feb;19(2):139-46. Epub 2007 Oct 23. Review. Biomechanics of Tai Chi: a review. Hong Y, Li JX. Sports Biomech. 2007 Sep;6(3):453-64. Review. How can exercise be incorporated into the routine care of patients on dialysis? Kutner NG. Int Urol Nephrol. 2007;39(4):1281-5. Review. Tai chi for osteoarthritis: a systematic review. Lee MS, Pittler MH, Ernst E. Clin Rheumatol. 2008 Feb;27(2):211-8. Epub 2007 Sep 14. Review. Meditation practices for health: state of the research. Ospina MB, Bond K, Karkhaneh M, Tjosvold L, Vandermeer B, Liang Y, Bialy L, Hooton N, Buscemi N, Dryden DM, Klassen TP. Evid Rep Technol Assess (Full Rep). 2007 Jun;(155):1-263. Review. Tai chi for cardiovascular disease and its risk factors: a systematic review. Lee MS, Pittler MH, Taylor-Piliae RE, Ernst E. J Hypertens. 2007 Sep;25(9):1974-5. Review. No abstract available. Physical and psychological outcomes of a supported physical activity program for older carers. Hill K, Smith R, Fearn M, Rydberg M, Oliphant R. J Aging Phys Act. 2007 Jul;15(3):257-71. Tai Chi exercise and stroke rehabilitation. Taylor-Piliae RE, Haskell WL. Top Stroke Rehabil. 2007 Jul-Aug;14(4):9-22. Review. Enhancement of sleep stability with Tai Chi exercise in chronic heart failure: preliminary findings using an ECG-based spectrogram method. Yeh GY, Mietus JE, Peng CK, Phillips RS, Davis RB, Wayne PM, Goldberger AL, Thomas RJ. Sleep Med. 2008 Jul;9(5):527-36. Epub 2007 Aug 3. A randomized, controlled trial of tai chi for the prevention of falls: the Central Sydney tai chi trial. Voukelatos A, Cumming RG, Lord SR, Rissel C. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 Aug;55(8):1185-91. Effect of Tai Chi on state self-esteem and health-related quality of life in older Chinese residential care home residents. Lee LY, Lee DT, Woo J. J Clin Nurs. 2007 Aug;16(8):1580-2. No abstract available. Erratum in: J Clin Nurs. 2007 Sep;16(9):1592. Tai chi gives immune system a boost. [No authors listed] Harv Health Lett. 2007 Jun;32(8):7. No abstract available. Tai chi for rheumatoid arthritis: systematic review. Lee MS, Pittler MH, Ernst E. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2007 Nov;46(11):1648-51. Epub 2007 Jul 18. Review. Physical benefits of Tai Chi Chuan for individuals with lower-limb disabilities. Cheung SY, Tsai E, Fung L, Ng J. Occup Ther Int. 2007;14(1):1-10. Mind-body interventions for chronic pain in older adults: a structured review. Morone NE, Greco CM. Pain Med. 2007 May-Jun;8(4):359-75. Review. Effects of extended Tai Chi intervention on balance and selected motor functions of the elderly. Li Y, Devault CN, Van Oteghen S. Am J Chin Med. 2007;35(3):383-91. Comparison of the effects of Tai Chi and resistance training on bone metabolism in the elderly: a feasibility study. Shen CL, Williams JS, Chyu MC, Paige RL, Stephens AL, Chauncey KB, Prabhu FR, Ferris LT, Yeh JK. Am J Chin Med. 2007;35(3):369-81. Comparison of the effects of swimming and Tai Chi Chuan on body fat composition in elderly people. Yu TY, Pei YC, Lau YC, Chen CK, Hsu HC, Wong AM. Chang Gung Med J. 2007 Mar-Apr;30(2):128-34. [Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in older people practicing Tai Chi--comparison of the HRQOL with the national standards for age-matched controls] Kin S, Toba K, Orimo H. Nippon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. 2007 May;44(3):339-44. Japanese. Does Tai Chi improve plantar sensory ability? A pilot study. Richerson S, Rosendale K. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2007 Jun;9(3):276-86. Tai Chi-based exercise for older adults with Parkinson's disease: a pilot-program evaluation. Li F, Harmer P, Fisher KJ, Xu J, Fitzgerald K, Vongjaturapat N. J Aging Phys Act. 2007 Apr;15(2):139-51. A feasible method to enhance and maintain the health of elderly living in long-term care facilities through long-term, simplified tai chi exercises. Chen KM, Li CH, Lin JN, Chen WT, Lin HS, Wu HC. J Nurs Res. 2007 Jun;15(2):156-64. The effects of Tai Chi on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women: a systematic review. Wayne PM, Kiel DP, Krebs DE, Davis RB, Savetsky-German J, Connelly M, Buring JE. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2007 May;88(5):673-80. Review. Well-being of institutionalized elders after Yang-style Tai Chi practice. Chen KM, Hsu YC, Chen WT, Tseng HF. J Clin Nurs. 2007 May;16(5):845-52. No abstract available. Physical activity for osteoarthritis management: a randomized controlled clinical trial evaluating hydrotherapy or Tai Chi classes. Fransen M, Nairn L, Winstanley J, Lam P, Edmonds J. Arthritis Rheum. 2007 Apr 15;57(3):407-14. Effects of a Sun-style Tai Chi exercise on arthritic symptoms, motivation and the performance of health behaviors in women with osteoarthritis. Song R, Lee EO, Lam P, Bae SC. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi. 2007 Mar;37(2):249-56. Tai chi and perceived health status in older adults who are transitionally frail: a randomized controlled trial. Greenspan AI, Wolf SL, Kelley ME, O'Grady M. Phys Ther. 2007 May;87(5):525-35. Epub 2007 Apr 3. Interventions to reduce fear of falling in community-living older people: a systematic review. Zijlstra GA, van Haastregt JC, van Rossum E, van Eijk JT, Yardley L, Kempen GI. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 Apr;55(4):603-15. Review. Augmenting immune responses to varicella zoster virus in older adults: a randomized, controlled trial of Tai Chi. Irwin MR, Olmstead R, Oxman MN. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 Apr;55(4):511-7. Effect of Tai Chi on endothelial function. Cheng TO. Clin Cardiol. 2007 Mar;30(3):150. No abstract available. Martial arts as sport and therapy. Burke DT, Al-Adawi S, Lee YT, Audette J. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2007 Mar;47(1):96-102. Review. Methods to optimize recruitment and retention to an exercise study in Chinese immigrants. Taylor-Piliae RE, Froelicher ES. Nurs Res. 2007 Mar-Apr;56(2):132-6. A randomised controlled trial of Tai Chi and resistance exercise on bone health, muscle strength and balance in community-living elderly people. Woo J, Hong A, Lau E, Lynn H. Age Ageing. 2007 May;36(3):262-8. Epub 2007 Mar 13. "Zwilling" versus "Tai Chi" configuration of double-sized ring chromosome. Hoo JJ, Stein CK. Am J Med Genet A. 2007 Apr 15;143A(8):903-5. No abstract available. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Tai Chi for Tension Headaches. Abbott RB, Hui KK, Hays RD, Li MD, Pan T. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2007 Mar;4(1):107-113. Epub 2006 Aug 12. Tai chi chuan exercise decreases A1C levels along with increase of regulatory T-cells and decrease of cytotoxic T-cell population in type 2 diabetic patients. Yeh SH, Chuang H, Lin LW, Hsiao CY, Wang PW, Yang KD. Diabetes Care. 2007 Mar;30(3):716-8. No abstract available.

Is Tai Chi an effective adjunct in cancer care? A systematic review of controlled clinical trials. Lee MS, Pittler MH, Ernst E. Support Care Cancer. 2007 Jun;15(6):597-601. Epub 2007 Feb 21. Review. Effect of Tai Chi on body balance: randomized controlled trial in men with osteopenia or osteoporosis. Maciaszek J, Osi?ski W, Szeklicki R, Stemplewski R. Am J Chin Med. 2007;35(1):1-9. Group and home-based tai chi in elderly subjects with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial. Brismée JM, Paige RL, Chyu MC, Boatright JD, Hagar JM, McCaleb JA, Quintela MM, Feng D, Xu KT, Shen CL. Clin Rehabil. 2007 Feb;21(2):99-111. The effects of a Simplified Tai-Chi Exercise Program (STEP) on the physical health of older adults living in long-term care facilities: a single group design with multiple time points. Chen KM, Lin JN, Lin HS, Wu HC, Chen WT, Li CH, Kai Lo S. Int J Nurs Stud. 2008 Apr;45(4):501-7. Epub 2007 Jan 11. Dynamic balance and stepping versus tai chi training to improve balance and stepping in at-risk older adults. Nnodim JO, Strasburg D, Nabozny M, Nyquist L, Galecki A, Chen S, Alexander NB. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Dec;54(12):1825-31. Tai Chi Chih acutely decreases sympathetic nervous system activity in older adults. Motivala SJ, Sollers J, Thayer J, Irwin MR. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2006 Nov;61(11):1177-80. Comparison of the effects of Tai Chi Chuan and Wai Tan Kung exercises on autonomic nervous system modulation and on hemodynamics in elder adults. Lu WA, Kuo CD. Am J Chin Med. 2006;34(6):959-68. Therapeutic benefits of Tai Chi exercise: research review. Kuramoto AM. WMJ. 2006 Oct;105(7):42-6. Review. Using Tai Chi to teach gerontology. Schafer PA. J Nurs Educ. 2006 Oct;45(10):432. Group tele-exercise for improving balance in elders. Wu G, Keyes LM. Telemed J E Health. 2006 Oct;12(5):561-70. Effect of Tai Chi on gait and obstacle crossing behaviors in middle-aged adults. Ramachandran AK, Rosengren KS, Yang Y, Hsiao-Wecksler ET. Gait Posture. 2007 Jul;26(2):248-55. Epub 2006 Oct 10. Community-based tai chi and its effect on injurious falls, balance, gait, and fear of falling in older people. Lin MR, Hwang HF, Wang YW, Chang SH, Wolf SL. Phys Ther. 2006 Sep;86(9):1189-201. Mobility impairment in type 2 diabetes: association with muscle power and effect of Tai Chi intervention. Orr R, Tsang T, Lam P, Comino E, Singh MF. Diabetes Care. 2006 Sep;29(9):2120-2. No abstract available.

Complementary or alternative therapies for osteoarthritis. Ernst E. Nat Clin Pract Rheumatol. 2006 Feb;2(2):74-80. Review. Development of the simplified Tai Chi exercise program (STEP) for frail older adults. Chen KM, Chen WT, Huang MF. Complement Ther Med. 2006 Sep;14(3):200-6. Epub 2006 Jun 19. Tai Chi: the Chinese ancient wisdom of an ideal exercise for cardiac patients. Cheng TO. Int J Cardiol. 2007 May 2;117(3):293-5. Epub 2006 Aug 9. Review. No abstract available. Tai chi chuan: mind-body practice or exercise intervention? Studying the benefit for cancer survivors. Mansky P, Sannes T, Wallerstedt D, Ge A, Ryan M, Johnson LL, Chesney M, Gerber L. Integr Cancer Ther. 2006 Sep;5(3):192-201. Review. Evaluation of the chronic disease self-management program in a Chinese population. Siu AM, Chan CC, Poon PK, Chui DY, Chan SC. Patient Educ Couns. 2007 Jan;65(1):42-50. Epub 2006 Jul 26. Multidimensional exercise for people with Parkinson's disease: a case report. Kluding P, McGinnis PQ. Physiother Theory Pract. 2006 Jun;22(3):153-62. [Comparison of effects among Tai-Chi exercise, aquatic exercise, and a self-help program for patients with knee osteoarthritis] Lee HY. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi. 2006 Jun;36(3):571-80. Korean. Effects of exercise programs on falls and mobility in frail and pre-frail older adults: A multicenter randomized controlled trial. Faber MJ, Bosscher RJ, Chin A Paw MJ, van Wieringen PC. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2006 Jul;87(7):885-96. Effects of tai chi on balance, mobility, and strength among older persons participating in an osteoporosis prevention and education program. Murphy L, Riley D, Rodgers J, Plank S, Lehman S, Duryea B. Explore (NY). 2005 May;1(3):192-3. No abstract available. Feasibility of computer-assisted Tai Chi education. Li J, Sharma K, Finkelstein J. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2005:1027. Plantar pressure distribution during Tai Chi exercise. Mao de W, Li JX, Hong Y. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2006 Jun;87(6):814-20. Tai Chi for chronic heart failure. Cheng TO. Int J Cardiol. 2006 Jun 7;110(1):96. No abstract available. Erratum in: Int J Cardiol. 2007 Mar 20;116(2):284. Muscle activation profiles about the knee during Tai-Chi stepping movement compared to the normal gait step. Tseng SC, Liu W, Finley M, McQuade K. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2007 Jun;17(3):372-80. Epub 2006 May 24. The characteristics of foot movements in Tai Chi Chuan. Chau KW, Mao DW. Res Sports Med. 2006 Jan-Mar;14(1):19-28. [The effect of Tai Chi movement in patients with rheumatoid arthritis] Lee KY, Jeong OY. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi. 2006 Apr;36(2):278-85. Korean. How Tai Chi improves balance: biomechanics of recovery to a walking slip in impaired seniors. Gatts SK, Woollacott MH. Gait Posture. 2007 Feb;25(2):205-14. Epub 2006 May 2. Tai Chi and older people in the community: a preliminary study. Morris Docker S. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2006 May;12(2):111-8. Epub 2006 Feb 14. A 10-week Tai-Chi program improved the blood pressure, lipid profile and SF-36 scores in Hong Kong Chinese women. Ko GT, Tsang PC, Chan HC. Med Sci Monit. 2006 May;12(5):CR196-9. Change in perceived psychosocial status following a 12-week Tai Chi exercise programme. Taylor-Piliae RE, Haskell WL, Waters CM, Froelicher ES. J Adv Nurs. 2006 May;54(3):313-29. Tai Chi versus brisk walking in elderly women. Audette JF, Jin YS, Newcomer R, Stein L, Duncan G, Frontera WR. Age Ageing. 2006 Jul;35(4):388-93. Epub 2006 Apr 19. Neural mechanisms underlying balance improvement with short term Tai Chi training. Gatts SK, Woollacott MH. Aging Clin Exp Res. 2006 Feb;18(1):7-19. The effect of Tai Chi Chuan in reducing falls among elderly people: design of a randomized clinical trial in the Netherlands [ISRCTN98840266]. Zeeuwe PE, Verhagen AP, Bierma-Zeinstra SM, van Rossum E, Faber MJ, Koes BW. BMC Geriatr. 2006 Mar 30;6:6. The use of Tai Chi to improve health in older adults. Adler PA, Roberts BL. Orthop Nurs. 2006 Mar-Apr;25(2):122-6. Review. Standing balance after vestibular stimulation in Tai Chi-practicing and nonpracticing healthy older adults. Tsang WW, Hui-Chan CW. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2006 Apr;87(4):546-53. A pilot study to assess the influence of tai chi chuan on functional capacity among breast cancer survivors. Mustian KM, Katula JA, Zhao H. J Support Oncol. 2006 Mar;4(3):139-45. Improvement in balance, strength, and flexibility after 12 weeks of Tai chi exercise in ethnic Chinese adults with cardiovascular disease risk factors. Taylor-Piliae RE, Haskell WL, Stotts NA, Froelicher ES. Altern Ther Health Med. 2006 Mar-Apr;12(2):50-8. The duration and plantar pressure distribution during one-leg stance in Tai Chi exercise. Mao DW, Li JX, Hong Y. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2006 Jul;21(6):640-5. Epub 2006 Mar 9. The influence of intense Tai Chi training on physical performance and hemodynamic outcomes in transitionally frail, older adults. Wolf SL, O'Grady M, Easley KA, Guo Y, Kressig RW, Kutner M. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2006 Feb;61(2):184-9. Regular tai chi chuan exercise enhances functional mobility and CD4CD25 regulatory T cells. Yeh SH, Chuang H, Lin LW, Hsiao CY, Eng HL. Br J Sports Med. 2006 Mar;40(3):239-43. Research on psychoneuroimmunology: tai chi as a stress management approach for individuals with HIV disease. Robins JL, McCain NL, Gray DP, Elswick RK Jr, Walter JM, McDade E. Appl Nurs Res. 2006 Feb;19(1):2-9. The role of complementary and alternative therapies in cardiac rehabilitation: a systematic evaluation. Arthur HM, Patterson C, Stone JA. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2006 Feb;13(1):3-9. Review. Characteristics of foot movement in Tai Chi exercise. Mao DW, Hong Y, Li JX. Phys Ther. 2006 Feb;86(2):215-22. A study investigating the effects of Tai Chi Chuan: individuals with traumatic brain injury compared to controls. Gemmell C, Leathem JM. Brain Inj. 2006 Feb;20(2):151-6. The effects on sensorimotor performance and balance with Tai Chi training. Fong SM, Ng GY. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2006 Jan;87(1):82-7. The effect of group aerobic exercise and t'ai chi on functional outcomes and quality of life for persons living with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Galantino ML, Shepard K, Krafft L, Laperriere A, Ducette J, Sorbello A, Barnish M, Condoluci D, Farrar JT. J Altern Complement Med. 2005 Dec;11(6):1085-92. Challenges of doing intervention research with the elderly taiwanese population: example of a tai chi/movement therapy. Hsu YC, Chen KM. Geriatr Nurs. 2005 Nov-Dec;26(6):358-65. Effects of long term Tai Chi practice and jogging exercise on muscle strength and endurance in older people. Xu DQ, Li JX, Hong Y. Br J Sports Med. 2006 Jan;40(1):50-4; discussion 50-4. Yoga & Tai Chi: stress management and low impact fitness from the East. Porter N. Pa Health You. 2002 Spring;105(2):6-8. No abstract available. Effects of Tai Chi and resistance training on cardiovascular risk factors in elderly Chinese subjects: a 12-month longitudinal, randomized, controlled intervention study. Thomas GN, Hong AW, Tomlinson B, Lau E, Lam CW, Sanderson JE, Woo J. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2005 Dec;63(6):663-9. Chi in Tai Chi does not mean energy. Cheng TO. Int J Cardiol. 2006 Feb 8;107(1):119. No abstract available. Hemodynamic responses to a community-based Tai Chi exercise intervention in ethnic Chinese adults with cardiovascular disease risk factors. Taylor-Piliae RE, Haskell WL, Froelicher ES. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2006 Jun;5(2):165-74. Epub 2005 Nov 28. Case report: Tai Chi and Parkinsonism. Venglar M. Physiother Res Int. 2005;10(2):116-21. The effects of Tai Chi Chuan on physiological function and fear of falling in the less robust elderly: an intervention study for preventing falls. Zhang JG, Ishikawa-Takata K, Yamazaki H, Morita T, Ohta T. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2006 Mar-Apr;42(2):107-16. Epub 2005 Aug 26. Reduction in fear of falling through intense tai chi exercise training in older, transitionally frail adults. Sattin RW, Easley KA, Wolf SL, Chen Y, Kutner MH. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005 Jul;53(7):1168-78. Tai Chi and mindfulness-based stress reduction in a Boston Public Middle School. Wall RB. J Pediatr Health Care. 2005 Jul-Aug;19(4):230-7. Ground contact characteristics of Tai Chi gait. Wu G, Hitt J. Gait Posture. 2005 Aug;22(1):32-9. The effect of a Tai Chi exercise program on quality of life in patients on peritoneal dialysis: a pilot study. Mustata S, Cooper L, Langrick N, Simon N, Jassal SV, Oreopoulos DG. Perit Dial Int. 2005 May-Jun;25(3):291-4. No abstract available. Exercise and cancer recovery. Visovsky C, Dvorak C. Online J Issues Nurs. 2005 Mar 28;10(2):7. Review. Frail elders' views of Tai Chi. Chen KM, Chen WT, Wang JJ, Huang MF. J Nurs Res. 2005 Mar;13(1):11-20. Effects of Sun-style Tai Chi exercise on physical fitness and fall prevention in fall-prone older adults. Choi JH, Moon JS, Song R. J Adv Nurs. 2005 Jul;51(2):150-7. Effect of regular Tai Chi and jogging exercise on neuromuscular reaction in older people. Xu DQ, Li JX, Hong Y. Age Ageing. 2005 Sep;34(5):439-44. Epub 2005 May 26. Osteoarthritis in older adults: current treatments. Burks K. J Gerontol Nurs. 2005 May;31(5):11-9; quiz 59-60. Review. Mind-Body, Ki (Qi) and the Skin: Commentary on Irwin's 'Shingles Immunity and Health Functioning in the Elderly: Tai Chi Chih as a Behavioral Treatment' Kobayashi H, Ishii M. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2005 Mar;2(1):113-116. No abstract available. Shingles Immunity and Health Functioning in the Elderly: Tai Chi Chih as a Behavioral Treatment. Irwin M, Pike J, Oxman M. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2004 Dec;1(3):223-232. Epub 2004 Dec 1. Effectiveness of a community-based Tai Chi program and implications for public health initiatives. Jones AY, Dean E, Scudds RJ. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2005 Apr;86(4):619-25. Tai Chi for vestibulopathic balance dysfunction: a case study. Wayne PM, Scarborough DM, Krebs DE, Parker SW, Wolf SL, Asmundson L, McGibbon CA. Altern Ther Health Med. 2005 Mar-Apr;11(2):60-6. Review. No abstract available. Tai Chi and fall reductions in older adults: a randomized controlled trial. Li F, Harmer P, Fisher KJ, McAuley E, Chaumeton N, Eckstrom E, Wilson NL. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2005 Feb;60(2):187-94. Physical and cognitive activity and exercise for older adults: a review. Hogan M. Int J Aging Hum Dev. 2005;60(2):95-126. Review. Tai chi: an ancient art that helps the heart? The easy exercises and deep breathing of the Chinese martial art could offer excellent self-defense for the damaged or failing heart. [No authors listed] Harv Heart Lett. 2005 Feb;15(6):3. No abstract available. Beneficial effects of regular Tai Chi exercise on musculoskeletal system. Qin L, Choy W, Leung K, Leung PC, Au S, Hung W, Dambacher M, Chan K. J Bone Miner Metab. 2005;23(2):186-90.

Effect of Tai Chi in adults with rheumatoid arthritis. Wang C, Roubenoff R, Lau J, Kalish R, Schmid CH, Tighiouart H, Rones R, Hibberd PL. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2005 May;44(5):685-7. Epub 2005 Mar 1. No abstract available.

Tai Chi and vestibular rehabilitation effects on gaze and whole-body stability. McGibbon CA, Krebs DE, Wolf SL, Wayne PM, Scarborough DM, Parker SW. J Vestib Res. 2004;14(6):467-78. Tai Chi and vestibular rehabilitation improve vestibulopathic gait via different neuromuscular mechanisms: preliminary report. McGibbon CA, Krebs DE, Parker SW, Scarborough DM, Wayne PM, Wolf SL. BMC Neurol. 2005 Feb 18;5(1):3. No improvement in a pilot study of tai chi exercise in rheumatoid arthritis. Uhlig T, Larsson C, Hjorth AG, Odegård S, Kvien TK. Ann Rheum Dis. 2005 Mar;64(3):507-9. No abstract available. PMID: 15708910 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Comparison of muscle torque, balance, and confidence in older tai chi and healthy adults. Tsang WW, Hui-Chan CW. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005 Feb;37(2):280-9. Relationship between achievement goal constructs and physical self-perceptions in a physical activity setting. Newton M, Detling N, Kilgore J, Bernhardt P. Percept Mot Skills. 2004 Dec;99(3 Pt 1):757-70. Tai chi: meditated motion. This increasingly popular exercise routine is helping older adults prevent falls and live healthier lives. [No authors listed] Health News. 2004 Dec;10(12):8-9. No abstract available. Falls self-efficacy as a mediator of fear of falling in an exercise intervention for older adults. Li F, Fisher KJ, Harmer P, McAuley E. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2005 Jan;60(1):P34-40. Transformative practices for integrating mind-body-spirit. Luskin F. J Altern Complement Med. 2004;10 Suppl 1:S15-23. Review. Injuries in martial arts: a comparison of five styles. Zetaruk MN, Violán MA, Zurakowski D, Micheli LJ. Br J Sports Med. 2005 Jan;39(1):29-33. [The effect of Tai-Chi-Qui-Gong exercises on patients' pulmonary function, exercise capacity, and quality of life after lobectomy.] Jong SY, Fang YY, Chao YF. Hu Li Za Zhi. 2004 Dec;51(6):46-54. Chinese. Tai Chi Chuan, health-related quality of life and self-esteem: a randomized trial with breast cancer survivors. Mustian KM, Katula JA, Gill DL, Roscoe JA, Lang D, Murphy K. Support Care Cancer. 2004 Dec;12(12):871-6. Epub 2004 Sep 30. Tai chi. Tafari L. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2005 Jan;59(1):48. No abstract available. Response to the systematic review of Tai Chi. Taylor-Piliae RE. Arch Intern Med. 2004 Dec 13-27;164(22):2503; author reply 2504. No abstract available. Tai Chi Chuan practice in community-dwelling persons after stroke. Hart J, Kanner H, Gilboa-Mayo R, Haroeh-Peer O, Rozenthul-Sorokin N, Eldar R. Int J Rehabil Res. 2004 Dec;27(4):303-4. Measurement properties of Tai Chi exercise self-efficacy among ethnic Chinese with coronary heart disease risk factors: a pilot study. Taylor-Piliae RE, Froelicher ES. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2004 Dec;3(4):287-94. Tai Chi: improving functional balance and predicting subsequent falls in older persons. Li F, Harmer P, Fisher KJ, McAuley E. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004 Dec;36(12):2046-52. [The effects of tai chi exercise program on blood pressure, total cholesterol and cortisol level in patients with essential hypertension] Lee EN. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi. 2004 Aug;34(5):829-37. Korean. Effect of Tai Chi on depressive symptoms amongst Chinese older patients with depressive disorders: a randomized clinical trial. Chou KL, Lee PW, Yu EC, Macfarlane D, Cheng YH, Chan SS, Chi I. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2004 Nov;19(11):1105-7. No abstract available. The influence of Tai Chi training on the center of pressure trajectory during gait initiation in older adults. Hass CJ, Gregor RJ, Waddell DE, Oliver A, Smith DW, Fleming RP, Wolf SL. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004 Oct;85(10):1593-8. Benefits of tai chi in chronic heart failure: body or mind? Ades PA, Wu G. Am J Med. 2004 Oct 15;117(8):611-2. No abstract available. Effects of tai chi mind-body movement therapy on functional status and exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure: a randomized controlled trial. Yeh GY, Wood MJ, Lorell BH, Stevenson LW, Eisenberg DM, Wayne PM, Goldberger AL, Davis RB, Phillips RS. Am J Med. 2004 Oct 15;117(8):541-8. Tai Chi, Qi Gong and Reiki. Chu DA. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2004 Nov;15(4):773-81, vi. Review. Tai chi. Lam P. Diabetes Self Manag. 2004 Jul-Aug;21(4):7-10, 12, 14. No abstract available. Effects of Tai Chi exercise on physical and mental health of college students. Wang YT, Taylor L, Pearl M, Chang LS. Am J Chin Med. 2004;32(3):453-9. Neurocognitive aging and cardiovascular fitness: recent findings and future directions. Colcombe SJ, Kramer AF, McAuley E, Erickson KI, Scalf P. J Mol Neurosci. 2004;24(1):9-14. Review. Integrative care--health benefits of Tai Chi. Eliopoulos C. Director. 2001 Fall;9(4):138-9. No abstract available. Tai chi for treating rheumatoid arthritis. Han A, Robinson V, Judd M, Taixiang W, Wells G, Tugwell P. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(3):CD004849. Review. Physical activity interventions to prevent falls among older people: update of the evidence. Sherrington C, Lord SR, Finch CF. J Sci Med Sport. 2004 Apr;7(1 Suppl):43-51. Review. Artificial neural networks and center-of-pressure modeling: a practical method for sensorimotor-degradation assessment. Shan G, Daniels D, Gu R. J Aging Phys Act. 2004 Jan;12(1):75-89. [Tai Chi, body and cognitive rehabilitation of Alzheimer's and related diseases] Sanglier I, Sarazin M, Zinetti J. Soins. 2004 May;(685):42-3. Review. French. No abstract available. Tai chi and self-rated quality of sleep and daytime sleepiness in older adults: a randomized controlled trial. Li F, Fisher KJ, Harmer P, Irbe D, Tearse RG, Weimer C. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004 Jun;52(6):892-900. Relative exercise intensity of Tai Chi Chuan is similar in different ages and gender. Lan C, Chen SY, Lai JS. Am J Chin Med. 2004;32(1):151-60. The aerobic capacity and ventilatory efficiency during exercise in Qigong and Tai Chi Chuan practitioners. Lan C, Chou SW, Chen SY, Lai JS, Wong MK. Am J Chin Med. 2004;32(1):141-50. Tai chi: a bevy of benefits. [No authors listed] Health News. 2004 May;10(5):11. No abstract available. A randomized, prospective study of the effects of Tai Chi Chun exercise on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. Chan K, Qin L, Lau M, Woo J, Au S, Choy W, Lee K, Lee S. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004 May;85(5):717-22. Spatial, temporal and muscle action patterns of Tai Chi gait. Wu G, Liu W, Hitt J, Millon D. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2004 Jun;14(3):343-54. Effects of exercise on joint sense and balance in elderly men: Tai Chi versus golf. Tsang WW, Hui-Chan CW. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004 Apr;36(4):658-67. Effect of 4- and 8-wk intensive Tai Chi Training on balance control in the elderly. Tsang WW, Hui-Chan CW. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004 Apr;36(4):648-57. [Tai Chi Chuan and personnel development] Rispail D. Soins. 2004 Jan-Feb;(682 Pt 1):24-6. French. No abstract available. The effect of Tai Chi on health outcomes in patients with chronic conditions: a systematic review. Wang C, Collet JP, Lau J. Arch Intern Med. 2004 Mar 8;164(5):493-501. Review. Effectiveness of Tai Chi exercise in improving aerobic capacity: a meta-analysis. Taylor-Piliae RE, Froelicher ES. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2004 Jan-Feb;19(1):48-57. Health benefits of Tai Chi exercise: improved balance and blood pressure in middle-aged women. Thornton EW, Sykes KS, Tang WK. Health Promot Int. 2004 Mar;19(1):33-8. Can Tai Chi improve vestibulopathic postural control? Wayne PM, Krebs DE, Wolf SL, Gill-Body KM, Scarborough DM, McGibbon CA, Kaptchuk TJ, Parker SW. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004 Jan;85(1):142-52. Review. Tai Chi improves standing balance control under reduced or conflicting sensory conditions. Tsang WW, Wong VS, Fu SN, Hui-Chan CW. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004 Jan;85(1):129-37. The efficacy of Tai Chi Chuan in older adults: a systematic review. Verhagen AP, Immink M, van der Meulen A, Bierma-Zeinstra SM. Fam Pract. 2004 Feb;21(1):107-13. Review. Effect of tai chi exercise on proprioception of ankle and knee joints in old people. Xu D, Hong Y, Li J, Chan K. Br J Sports Med. 2004 Feb;38(1):50-4.

Tai chi, falls, and the heritage of JAGS. Lavery LL, Studenski SA. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Dec;51(12):1804-5. No abstract available. Selected as the best paper in the 1990s: Reducing frailty and falls in older persons: an investigation of tai chi and computerized balance training. Wolf SL, Barnhart HX, Kutner NG, McNeely E, Coogler C, Xu T; Atlanta FICSIT Group. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Dec;51(12):1794-803. Intense tai chi exercise training and fall occurrences in older, transitionally frail adults: a randomized, controlled trial. Wolf SL, Sattin RW, Kutner M, O'Grady M, Greenspan AI, Gregor RJ. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Dec;51(12):1693-701. The effect of Tai Chi Chuan on the autonomic nervous modulation in older persons. Lu WA, Kuo CD. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003 Dec;35(12):1972-6. Effects of tai chi on joint proprioception and stability limits in elderly subjects. Tsang WW, Hui-Chan CW. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003 Dec;35(12):1962-71. The beneficial effects of Tai Chi Chuan on blood pressure and lipid profile and anxiety status in a randomized controlled trial. Tsai JC, Wang WH, Chan P, Lin LJ, Wang CH, Tomlinson B, Hsieh MH, Yang HY, Liu JC. J Altern Complement Med. 2003 Oct;9(5):747-54. Effects of T'ai Chi exercise on fibromyalgia symptoms and health-related quality of life. Taggart HM, Arslanian CL, Bae S, Singh K. Orthop Nurs. 2003 Sep-Oct;22(5):353-60. Interventions for preventing falls in elderly people. Gillespie LD, Gillespie WJ, Robertson MC, Lamb SE, Cumming RG, Rowe BH. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003;(4):CD000340. Review. Update in: Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;(2):CD000340. Balance training to maintain mobility and prevent disability. Judge JO. Am J Prev Med. 2003 Oct;25(3 Suppl 2):150-6. Effects of a behavioral intervention, Tai Chi Chih, on varicella-zoster virus specific immunity and health functioning in older adults. Irwin MR, Pike JL, Cole JC, Oxman MN. Psychosom Med. 2003 Sep-Oct;65(5):824-30. Effects of tai chi exercise on pain, balance, muscle strength, and perceived difficulties in physical functioning in older women with osteoarthritis: a randomized clinical trial. Song R, Lee EO, Lam P, Bae SC. J Rheumatol. 2003 Sep;30(9):2039-44. An holistic approach to substance abuse treatment. Breslin KT, Reed MR, Malone SB. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2003 Apr-Jun;35(2):247-51. Review. Kinematic and electromyographic analysis of the push movement in tai chi. Chan SP, Luk TC, Hong Y. Br J Sports Med. 2003 Aug;37(4):339-44.

Recruiting and screening older, transitional to frail adults in congregate living facilities. Freret N, Ricci L, Murphy S. Appl Nurs Res. 2003 May;16(2):118-25. Mediolateral sway in single-leg stance is the best discriminator of balance performance for Tai-Chi practitioners. Mak MK, Ng PL. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 May;84(5):683-6. Tai Chi Chuan and bone loss in postmenopausal women. Gass R. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 Apr;84(4):621; author reply 621-3. No abstract available. Tai chi in cardiac rehabilitation. Humphrey R. J Cardiopulm Rehabil. 2003 Mar-Apr;23(2):97-9. No abstract available. Tai Chi as an adjunct to cardiac rehabilitation exercise training. Taylor-Piliae RE. J Cardiopulm Rehabil. 2003 Mar-Apr;23(2):90-6. Review. Mind-body medicine: state of the science, implications for practice. Astin JA, Shapiro SL, Eisenberg DM, Forys KL. J Am Board Fam Pract. 2003 Mar-Apr;16(2):131-47. Review. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine perspectives for complementary and alternative medicine research in cardiovascular diseases. Wong SS, Nahin RL. Cardiol Rev. 2003 Mar-Apr;11(2):94-8. The cardiorespiratory response and energy expenditure of Tai-Chi-Qui-Gong. Chao YF, Chen SY, Lan C, Lai JS. Am J Chin Med. 2002;30(4):451-61. Learning about tai chi chuan. Feeling stressed? Give this quiet exercise a try. [No authors listed] Nursing. 2002 Dec;32(12):86. No abstract available. Effects of Tai Chi exercise on balance, functional mobility, and fear of falling among older women. Taggart HM. Appl Nurs Res. 2002 Nov;15(4):235-42. Empowering: the experiences of exercise among heart transplantation patients in Taiwan. Jeng C, Chu FL, Tsao LI. J Adv Nurs. 2002 Dec;40(5):560-7. Improvement of isokinetic knee extensor strength and reduction of postural sway in the elderly from long-term Tai Chi exercise. Wu G, Zhao F, Zhou X, Wei L. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2002 Oct;83(10):1364-9. Regular Tai Chi Chuan exercise may retard bone loss in postmenopausal women: A case-control study. Qin L, Au S, Choy W, Leung P, Neff M, Lee K, Lau M, Woo J, Chan K. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2002 Oct;83(10):1355-9. Are the 'hard' martial arts, such as the Korean martial art, TaeKwon-Do, of benefit to senior citizens? Brudnak MA, Dundero D, Van Hecke FM. Med Hypotheses. 2002 Oct;59(4):485-91. Why Tai Chi is the perfect exercise. Gorman C. Time. 2002 Aug 5;160(6):68. No abstract available. Intervention strategies and risk-factor modification for falls prevention. A review of recent intervention studies. Cumming RG. Clin Geriatr Med. 2002 May;18(2):175-89. Review. Delineating the impact of Tai Chi training on physical function among the elderly. Li F, Fisher KJ, Harmer P, McAuley E. Am J Prev Med. 2002 Aug;23(2 Suppl):92-7. Tai Chi Chuan training is associated with enhanced endothelium-dependent dilation in skin vasculature of healthy older men. Wang JS, Lan C, Chen SY, Wong MK. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002 Jun;50(6):1024-30. Central Sydney Tai Chi Trial: methodology. Voukelatos A, Metcalfe A. N S W Public Health Bull. 2002 Jan-Feb;13(1-2):19. No abstract available. Tai Chi for older people. Ward J. Nurs Older People. 2001 Mar;13(1):10-3. No abstract available. Healing the heart: integrating complementary therapies and healing practices into the care of cardiovascular patients. Kreitzer MJ, Snyder M. Prog Cardiovasc Nurs. 2002 Spring;17(2):73-80. Review. Evaluation of the effectiveness of Tai Chi for improving balance and preventing falls in the older population--a review. Wu G. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002 Apr;50(4):746-54. Review. [Effect of a sensorimotor training program on patients with subacromial pain syndrome] Jerosch J, Wüstner P. Unfallchirurg. 2002 Jan;105(1):36-43. German. Tai Chi Chuan: an ancient wisdom on exercise and health promotion. Lan C, Lai JS, Chen SY. Sports Med. 2002;32(4):217-24. Review. Tai Chi: towards an exercise program for the older person. Yalden J, Chung L. Aust J Holist Nurs. 2001 Apr;8(1):4-13. Review. Tai Chi, self-efficacy, and physical function in the elderly. Li F, Harmer P, McAuley E, Fisher KJ, Duncan TE, Duncan SC. Prev Sci. 2001 Dec;2(4):229-39. Attitudes and beliefs about exercise among elderly African Americans in an urban community. Lavizzo-Mourey R, Cox C, Strumpf N, Edwards WF, Lavizzo-Mourey R, Stinemon M, Grisso JA. J Natl Med Assoc. 2001 Dec;93(12):475-80. Heart rate responses and oxygen consumption during Tai Chi Chuan practice. Lan C, Chen SY, Lai JS, Wong MK. Am J Chin Med. 2001;29(3-4):403-10. A study design to investigate the effect of intense Tai Chi in reducing falls among older adults transitioning to frailty. Wolf SL, Sattin RW, O'Grady M, Freret N, Ricci L, Greenspan AI, Xu T, Kutner M. Control Clin Trials. 2001 Dec;22(6):689-704. Interventions for preventing falls in elderly people. Gillespie LD, Gillespie WJ, Robertson MC, Lamb SE, Cumming RG, Rowe BH. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2001;(3):CD000340. Review. Update in: Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003;(4):CD000340. Tai Chi Chuan practice as a tool for rehabilitation of severe head trauma: 3 case reports. Shapira MY, Chelouche M, Yanai R, Kaner C, Szold A. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2001 Sep;82(9):1283-5.

Tai Chi Chuan training to enhance microcirculatory function in healthy elderly men. Wang JS, Lan C, Wong MK. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2001 Sep;82(9):1176-80. A randomized trial of exercise programs among older individuals living in two long-term care facilities: the FallsFREE program. Nowalk MP, Prendergast JM, Bayles CM, D'Amico FJ, Colvin GC. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2001 Jul;49(7):859-65. Clinical use of tai chi in elderly populations. Chen KM, Snyder M, Krichbaum K. Geriatr Nurs. 2001 Jul-Aug;22(4):198-200. Review. From tibialis anterior to Tai Chi: biofeedback and beyond. Wolf SL. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2001 Jun;26(2):155-74. Evaluation and treatment of balance in the elderly: A review of the efficacy of the Berg Balance Test and Tai Chi Quan. Zwick D, Rochelle A, Choksi A, Domowicz J. NeuroRehabilitation. 2000;15(1):49-56. Tai Chi Chuan for people with haemophilia. Danusantoso H, Heijnen L. Haemophilia. 2001 Jul;7(4):437-9. No abstract available. Tai Chi Chuan for persons with haemophilia: commentary. Beeton K. Haemophilia. 2001 Jul;7(4):437. No abstract available. An evaluation of the effects of Tai Chi exercise on physical function among older persons: a randomized contolled trial. Li F, Harmer P, McAuley E, Duncan TE, Duncan SC, Chaumeton N, Fisher KJ. Ann Behav Med. 2001 Spring;23(2):139-46. Tai chi: physiological characteristics and beneficial effects on health. Li JX, Hong Y, Chan KM. Br J Sports Med. 2001 Jun;35(3):148-56. Review. Coordination exercise and postural stability in elderly people: Effect of Tai Chi Chuan. Wong AM, Lin YC, Chou SW, Tang FT, Wong PY. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2001 May;82(5):608-12. Evaluating complementary and alternative therapies for cancer patients. Cassileth BR. CA Cancer J Clin. 1999 Nov-Dec;49(6):362-75. Review.

Influence of Expertise on the Intentional Transfer of Motor Skill. Ferrari M. J Mot Behav. 1999 Mar;31(1):79-85. Tai chi and the art of downsizing. Bunyan LE. Natl Netw. 2000 Oct;25(2):6-7, 27. No abstract available. Effects of slow tempo exercise on respiration, heart rate, and mood state. Naruse K, Hirai T. Percept Mot Skills. 2000 Dec;91(3 Pt 1):729-40. Tai chi: meditative movement for health. [No authors listed] Harv Womens Health Watch. 2000 Dec;8(4):6. No abstract available. The effects of Tai Chi Chuan on postural stability in the elderly: preliminary report. Lin YC, Wong AM, Chou SW, Tang FT, Wong PY. Chang Gung Med J. 2000 Apr;23(4):197-204. Tai Chi Chuan to improve muscular strength and endurance in elderly individuals: a pilot study. Lan C, Lai JS, Chen SY, Wong MK. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2000 May;81(5):604-7. A review of mind/body therapies in the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders with implications for the elderly. Luskin FM, Newell KA, Griffith M, Holmes M, Telles S, DiNucci E, Marvasti FF, Hill M, Pelletier KR, Haskell WL. Altern Ther Health Med. 2000 Mar;6(2):46-56. Review. Balance control, flexibility, and cardiorespiratory fitness among older Tai Chi practitioners. Hong Y, Li JX, Robinson PD. Br J Sports Med. 2000 Feb;34(1):29-34. A research-based use of Tai Chi/movement therapy as a nursing intervention. Chen KM, Snyder M. J Holist Nurs. 1999 Sep;17(3):267-79. Review. Exercise, education, and behavioral modification as alternative therapy for pain and stress in rheumatic disease. Yocum DE, Castro WL, Cornett M. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2000 Feb;26(1):145-59, x-xi. Review. Tai chi practice reduces movement force variability for seniors. Yan JH. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 1999 Dec;54(12):M629-34. The effects of a short-term exercise program on movement, pain, and mood in the elderly. Results of a pilot study. Ross MC, Bohannon AS, Davis DC, Gurchiek L. J Holist Nurs. 1999 Jun;17(2):139-47. Wellness works: community service health promotion groups led by occupational therapy students. Scott AH. Am J Occup Ther. 1999 Nov-Dec;53(6):566-74. Review. Eastern movement therapies. Farrell SJ, Ross AD, Sehgal KV. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 1999 Aug;10(3):617-29. Review. The effect of Tai Chi on cardiorespiratory function in patients with coronary artery bypass surgery. Lan C, Chen SY, Lai JS, Wong MK. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1999 May;31(5):634-8. Tai chi: a martial art turns therapeutic. Cerrato PL. RN. 1999 Feb;62(2):59-60. No abstract available. Complementary therapies: overview and state of the art. Cassileth BR. Cancer Nurs. 1999 Feb;22(1):85-90. Review. Osteoporosis: current modes of prevention and treatment. Lane JM, Nydick M. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 1999 Jan;7(1):19-31. Review. Tai Chi Chuan. Masley S. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1998 Nov;79(11):1483. No abstract available. Tai Chi as a method of fall prevention in the elderly. Kessenich CR. Orthop Nurs. 1998 Jul-Aug;17(4):27-9. Review. The roles of exercise and fall risk reduction in the prevention of osteoporosis. Henderson NK, White CP, Eisman JA. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1998 Jun;27(2):369-87. Review. The therapeutic effects of Tai Chi for the elderly. Ross MC, Presswalla JL. J Gerontol Nurs. 1998 Feb;24(2):45-7. Review. No abstract available. Tai-Chi Chuan. Kirsteins A. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1998 Apr;79(4):471. No abstract available. 12-month Tai Chi training in the elderly: its effect on health fitness. Lan C, Lai JS, Chen SY, Wong MK. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998 Mar;30(3):345-51. New horizons ... developing tai chi for health care. Lam P. Aust Fam Physician. 1998 Jan-Feb;27(1-2):100-1. No abstract available. Electrical sensation during Tai-Chi practice as the first manifestation of multiple sclerosis. Achiron A, Barak Y, Stern Y, Noy S. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 1997 Dec;99(4):280-1.

A therapeutic programme for people with dementia. Gibb H, Morris CT, Gleisberg J. Int J Nurs Pract. 1997 Sep;3(3):191-9. Self-report benefits of Tai Chi practice by older adults. Kutner NG, Barnhart H, Wolf SL, McNeely E, Xu T. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1997 Sep;52(5):P242-6. Exploring the basis for Tai Chi Chuan as a therapeutic exercise approach. Wolf SL, Coogler C, Xu T. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1997 Aug;78(8):886-92. The effect of Tai Chi Quan and computerized balance training on postural stability in older subjects. Atlanta FICSIT Group. Frailty and Injuries: Cooperative Studies on Intervention Techniques. Wolf SL, Barnhart HX, Ellison GL, Coogler CE. Phys Ther. 1997 Apr;77(4):371-81; discussion 382-4. Mind-body fitness: encouraging prospects for primary and secondary prevention. La Forge R. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 1997 Apr;11(3):53-65. Review. Tai Chi Chih: an exercise option for older adults. Schaller KJ. J Gerontol Nurs. 1996 Oct;22(10):12-7. Cardiorespiratory function, flexibility, and body composition among geriatric Tai Chi Chuan practitioners. Lan C, Lai JS, Wong MK, Yu ML. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1996 Jun;77(6):612-6. Changes in haemodynamic parameters following Tai Chi Chuan and aerobic exercise in patients recovering from acute myocardial infarction. Channer KS, Barrow D, Barrow R, Osborne M, Ives G. Postgrad Med J. 1996 Jun;72(848):349-51. Balance and strength training in older adults: intervention gains and Tai Chi maintenance. Wolfson L, Whipple R, Derby C, Judge J, King M, Amerman P, Schmidt J, Smyers D. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1996 May;44(5):498-506. Reducing frailty and falls in older persons: an investigation of Tai Chi and computerized balance training. Atlanta FICSIT Group. Frailty and Injuries: Cooperative Studies of Intervention Techniques. Wolf SL, Barnhart HX, Kutner NG, McNeely E, Coogler C, Xu T. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1996 May;44(5):489-97. The benefits of Tai Chi. Lutz S. Beginnings. 1996 Apr;16(4):3. No abstract available. Don't just sit there. Vazquez E. Posit Aware. 1996 Jan-Feb;7(1):23-5. Two-year trends in cardiorespiratory function among older Tai Chi Chuan practitioners and sedentary subjects. Lai JS, Lan C, Wong MK, Teng SH. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1995 Nov;43(11):1222-7. The effects of exercise on falls in elderly patients. A preplanned meta-analysis of the FICSIT Trials. Frailty and Injuries: Cooperative Studies of Intervention Techniques. Province MA, Hadley EC, Hornbrook MC, Lipsitz LA, Miller JP, Mulrow CD, Ory MG, Sattin RW, Tinetti ME, Wolf SL. JAMA. 1995 May 3;273(17):1341-7. Chronic psychological effects of exercise and exercise plus cognitive strategies. Brown DR, Wang Y, Ward A, Ebbeling CB, Fortlage L, Puleo E, Benson H, Rippe JM. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1995 May;27(5):765-75. Cardiorespiratory responses of Tai Chi Chuan practitioners and sedentary subjects during cycle ergometry. Lai JS, Wong MK, Lan C, Chong CK, Lien IN. J Formos Med Assoc. 1993 Oct;92(10):894-9. Balance improvements in older women: effects of exercise training. Judge JO, Lindsey C, Underwood M, Winsemius D.